Double check for accuracy and consistency when quoting the words of others.

As you join the academic community, you are joining a community of scholars who rely upon, build upon, and often critique the ideas of others. When you write about a topic, you will need to learn how to locate ideas appropriate to your field of study that are published in books, journals, pamphlets, and on-line sources, how to evaluate their reliability, and how to incorporate these ideas into your own work. Wake Forests library, the Z. Smith Reynolds Library, is an extensive research library; generally, the texts you will find on the shelves have been published by reputable presses, amassed and evaluated by scholars in thesis writing and best college essays essay writing tips and essay transition words the field, and carefully catalogued by research librarians who will help you locate and evaluate the appropriateness of these materials.

You will also want to research your topic online and use electronic databases. As you use the Internet and become aware of its vast possibilities, consider the ways it differs from traditional research sources. To help you evaluate online sources, click on http:zsr.wfu.eduresearchguidesweb.

Because online information is published, often quite quickly, by individuals (rather than publishing companies that rely on expert readers to evaluate texts), the information may be biased, superficial, even incorrect. You must always question the reliability of your source by considering the point of view of the author, the depth of hisher knowledge of the topic, hisher reputation and purpose in writing. Also check to see when the source was last updated; do you have the most recent information? Check the links (if available) to original sources.

While various search engines help you navigate through the World Wide Web, it can be difficult, even frustrating, to locate good sources of information. Thus far, we do not have the kind of cataloguing system online that we do in our research libraries.

When you use the words and ideas of others, you are taking part in an ongoing scholarly conversation. It is always necessary to identify the other speakers in the conversation. Therefore you must cite the source of any material, quoted or paraphrased, you have used. Different disciplines and various journals use different citation methods. To learn more about the different styles of citation and help you document your research properly, click on http:zsr.wfu.eduresearchguidescitation.html .

The absence of such documentation constitutes plagiarism, perhaps the most serious academic offense. See below for a statement clarifying Wake Forests policy on plagiarism.

Proper documentation requires a bibliography of any outside texts you have consulted (both traditional sources and on-line sources) as well as individual notes that demonstrate your debts to outside sources.

To put your name on a piece of work is to say that it is yours, that the praise or criticism due to it is due to you. To put your name on a piece of work any part of which is not yours is plagiarism, unless that piece is clearly marked and the work from which you have borrowed is fully identified. Plagiarism is a form of theft. Taking words, phrasing, sentence structure, or any other element of the expression of another persons ideas, and using them as if they were yours, is like taking from that person a material possession, something he or she has worked for and earned. Even worse is the appropriation of someone elses ideas. By ;ideas; is meant everything from the definition or interpretation of a single word, to the overall approach or argument. If you paraphrase, you merely translate from his or her language to yours; another persons ideas in your language are still not your ideas. Paraphrase, therefore, without proper documentation, is theft, perhaps of the worst kind. Here, a person loses not a material possession, but something of what characterized him or her as an individual.

If students wish to do one project for two courses, or to draw on work previously done in order to complete an assignment for a current course, they must get the expressed permission of all affected faculty in advance of turning in the assignment. The faculty suggests that approved combined projects should represent significantly more effort than the individual projects they supplanted.

Plagiarism is a serious violation of another persons rights, whether the material stolen is great or small; it is not a matter of degree or intent. You know how much you would have had to say without someone elses help; and you know how much you have added on your own. Your responsibility, when you put your name on a piece of work, is simply to distinguish between what is yours and what is not, and to credit those who have in any way contributed.

An online plagiarism tutorial is available here .

VI. Grading Criteria for Effective Writing

The following criteria for grading are used in many colleges and universities. They are included here to help WakeForeststudents understand the standards that WakeForestprofessors generally use as they evaluate student writing.